[Sur] Las respuestas de Negroponte a nuestras preguntas en el XO-Camp

Pilar Saenz pilar en co.sugarlabs.org
Vie Feb 6 16:59:56 EST 2009

Por si acaso, este es el texto completo

February 5, 2009 at 2:00 pm · Filed under OLPC by sj

XO Camp attendees, and many taking part from afar, were invited to
submit questions about OLPC's future.   Nicholas answered a limited
number during two sessions; the full list are posted below.  Now we
have to figure out which wiki FAQ to add them to…


1. Current programs and general questions

* What efforts will OLPC make to support the XO-1?

The XO-1 will be fully supported, including hardware and firmware
up-dates, spare parts and ever growing activities. OLPC is in
discussion with several of the large deployments to understand how
they help beyond their own national boundaries.

* For how long is the XO-1 going to be in production?

The XO-1 and its planned revision, which we fondly call 1.5, will be
in production for at least two more years, and is expected to remain
available to existing deployments beyond that point for replacements
and spares.

* Is the production of XO-1s at risk if the sales stop? Do you have a
plan to sustain the demand for XO-1s in this atmosphere of

OLPC itself is independent of sales. At the moment, there is a back
order of 500,000 laptops. At the current rate of production, which is
50,000 per month, the world could stop and there is 10 months of life
in the supply chain. Yes, there is a global economic slow down, but we
do not expect sales to totally stop. Rwanda just ordered 100,000
laptops. Give the focus of OLPC's mission, many of our sales are to
entities where funding is a concern even in the best economic times.

* Will the XO-2 be developed as an important free software project as
the XO-1 was?

The XO-2 will continue OLPC's tradition of open development including
Open Firmware and open-source operating system support.

* In what ways are you planning to involve the community in the
development of the XO-2?

We may need the community more than ever for XO-2, because we are
exploring the degree to which the hardware of XO-2 can be open source
(whatever that really means in hardware).  OLPC's strategy for XO-2
support is to build a broader community of interest in the
technologies used, to provide greater benefit to participants.

* Whats your timeframe for having the XO-2 in the market?

Two years.

* Are there any updates on dual-boot deployments of XO-1?

We expect them soon, less than three months, taking advantage of
existing XO-1 hardware.

2. No-cost connectivity program

-Great idea, as connectivity is one of the largest challenges for a
country or region to implement a one laptop per child program. What
technologies are you aiming at?

There will be a family of them, satellite as well as terrestrial. The
program will have regulatory and technology components. Every
telecommunications system has built-in over-capacity, if only to
satisfy peaks. The idea is to use these transparently.

* What will the first deployments be?

Hard to predict, as this is a complex project that will have
substantial local requirements and involvement.  Initial deployment
targets will depend on participation, infrastructure, and regulatory
aspects of the project.

* What role will the community have in this project?

Also hard to predict.

3. A million digital books

* How does this integrate into the ongoing OLPC project?

It is an effort to increase content. OLPC's software development
became too idiosyncratic. Doing books will demand a more general
platform.  Providing access to digital book content is a substantial
opportunity that OLPC's work to date hasn't capitalized on.

* What places will be given priority for their distribution?

Place should make no difference. Language will and right now the
predominance is English. Spanish and Chinese are growing. Arabic needs
to expand.  An important part of this effort will be support for
locally-generated book content in the developer's preferred language.

* What technologies will be used for their implementation?

Nothing extraordinary; this project will substantially consist of
connecting existing technologies to ultimately provide a complete
book-to-the-XO-user solution.

* Have you considered having them be sound and music players as well?

Yes, but not currently headed there. Little doubt that the kids will
get them there!

* What role will the community have in this?

That depends on the community. Wiki text books has always been a goal,
but most people reading this text will say that is another community.

4. Passing on the development of the Sugar Operating System to the community.

* In what way will OLPC support the community in this transition?
Will OLPC keep improving and debugging the software of the already
delivered XOs?

OLPC will move to a Linux desktop that will run Sugar as an
application.  Fedora 10, which shipped in November, is a major step in
this direction.  It's a standard Fedora distribution that will boot on
the XO-1 and includes Sugar as one of the desktop options.  OLPC is
working with the Fedora Project and Sugar Labs to provide a more
tightly-integrated and better-performing version of this solution in
the Fedora 11 release.

* What concrete plans do you have to help the deployment countries
supported by the OLPC software developers who won't be there anymore?

Deployment is done in and by the country. OLPC itself does not do
deployment but will continue to find ways to leverage and share the
collective experience of 600,000+ deployed XOs.  OLPC's existing
country technical support function continues to be available as a
clearinghouse for all deployment support.

* Will OLPC open other options for software platforms in addition to Sugar?

We announced the dual boot Windows in April; alternative Linux options
exist already.  Fedora 10 allows other desktop options, and Ubuntu and
Debian distributions customized for the XO are already in wide usage.

* What place will the community have inside OLPC?

OLPC has always depended on the community and will continue to do so.
In fact, the recent move to push Sugar into the community completely
is an example of dramatically expanding the place of the community.

5.  The mission

* What would you say is the OLPC's essential mission? has it changed?
What policies is OLPC going to use to acomplish that mission?

OLPC's mission has never changed. It is to eliminate poverty through
education, by providing the means for children to learn learning. The
focus on the poorest and most remote children has been since day one.
Most recently there has been an emphasis on conflict and post conflict

* Is there any chance that one of the OLPC's board members could come
from the OLPC community?

OLPC's board is not a management board, so I am not sure this would
interest the community. But the idea is not out of the question.

6. OLPC Latin América

* About the spin off of OLPC Latin América, as a mean to give support
to the deployments: How this separation is gonna be handled? What does
it mean?

We are understanding this in real time. The idea is to create a strong
entity that has the freedom to do things that are closer to the
business and reliability needs to large deployments. The issue is
meeting the requirements of scale.

* Which communication will remain between OLPC and OLPC Latina?

It had better be a strong one. I cannot imagine otherwise.

* What it's gonna be the structure of the desicion making process in
OLPC and OLPC Latina?

The structure of decision making at OLPC Americas will be almost
solely up to OLPC Americas. That's the point.

* What will be the OLPC's business model there?

A non-profit organization. Whether it gets income from the sales of
laptops is to be seen.

* Will Latinoamerica have a "Give Many" program?

It is addressing "buy many" at the moment. It is possible that the
funding for these comes, in part, from a public giving program.  No
formal "give many" program is currently planned.

Maria del Pilar Sáenz

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